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A common need we have as people is the need to feel connected with others. We experience great joy, adventure, and learning through our connection and interactions with others. The feeling of wanting to be part of a group and liked by others is natural. One way we meet our need for connection is through our friendships. Friendship means different things to different people depending on age, gender, and cultural background.
Common among all friendships is the fact that they are interpersonal relationships of choice. Throughout your life, you will engage in an ongoing process of developing friendships. Rawlins suggests that we develop our friendships through a series of six steps. While we may not follow these six steps in exact order in all of our relationships, these steps help us understand how we develop friendships. The first step in building friendships occurs through Role-Limited Interaction. In this step, we interact with others based on our social roles. In this step we engage in limited self-disclosure, and rely on scripts and stereotypes.
When two first-time freshmen met in an introductory course, they struck up a conversation and interacted according to the roles they played in the context of their initial communication. They began a conversation because they sit near each other in class and discussed how much they liked or disliked aspects of the course.
The second step in developing friendships is called Friendly Relations. This stage is characterized by communication that moves beyond initial roles as the participants begin to interact with one another to see of there are common interests, as well as an interest to continue getting to know one another.
As the students spend more time together and have casual conversations, they may realize a wealth of shared interests. Each of them also love athletics, especially playing basketball. The development of this friendship occurred as they identified with each other as more than classmates. They saw each other as women of the same age, with similar goals, ambitions, and interests. Moreover, as one of them studied Communication and the other Psychology, they appreciated the differences as well as similarities in their collegiate pursuits. The third step in developing friendships is called Moving Toward Friendship.
In this stage, participants make moves to foster a more personalized friendship. They may begin meeting outside of the setting in which the relationship started, and begin increasing the levels of self-disclosure. Self-disclosure enables the new friends to form bonds of trust. When the students entered this stage it was right before one ed the basketball club on their college campus.
As she started practices and meetings, she realized this would be something fun for her and her classmate to do together so she invited her classmate along. The fourth step in developing friendships is called Nascent Friendship. In this stage individuals commit to spending more time together. For example, they may start calling or texting on a regular basis or reserving certain times and activities for each other such as going on evening runs together. As time went on, the students started texting each other more frequently just to tell each other a funny story that happened during the day, to make plans for going out to eat, or to plan for meeting at the gym to work out.
The fifth step in developing friendships is Stabilized Friendship. In this stage, friends take each other for granted as friends, but not in a negative way. Because the friendship is solid, they assume each other will be in their lives. There is an assumption of continuity. The communication in this stage is also characterized by a sense of trust as levels of self-disclosure increase and each person feels more comfortable revealing parts of him or herself to the other. This stage can continue indefinitely throughout a lifetime. When the women became friends, they were freshmen in college. After finishing school some years later, they moved to separate regions for graduate school.
While they were sad to move away from one another, they knew the friendship would continue. To this day they continue to be best friends. The final step in friendship development is Waning Friendship. As you know, friendships do not always have a happy ending. Many friendships Looking for female friend for ongoing fun and friendship to an end. Friendships may not simply come to an abrupt end.
Perhaps the relationship is too difficult to sustain over large geographic distances. Or, sometimes people change and grow in different directions and have little in common with old friends. Sometimes friendship rules are violated to a degree beyond repair. We spoke earlier of trust as a component of friendships. One common rule of trust is that if we tell friends a secret, they are expected to keep it a secret. If that rule is broken, and a friend continually breaks your trust by telling your secrets to others, you are likely to stop thinking of them as your friend.
While the above steps are a general pathway toward friendship, they are not always smooth. As with any relationship, challenges exist in friendships that can strain their development. Three of the more common challenges to friendships are gender, cultural diversity, and sexual attraction. Important to remember, is that each of these constructs comes with its own conflicts of power and privilege because of the the cultural norms and the values we give to certain characteristics.
Take a look at the pair on the side of thethey identify as different genders, ethnicities, cultures, and are even attracted to different sexes. Their friendship not only offers an opportunity to learn about differences through each other, but also offers challenges because of these differences.
As we emphasize throughout the book, factors such as our gender identities and cultural backgrounds always play a role in our interactions with others. This research may be cutting edge in its field, but as society becomes more accepting of difference, new ideas of relationship rules will emerge.
Take a moment to reflect on how many friends you have in your everyday life. Is that equivalent or more than the you have on social media s like Facebook? Chances are, those s are very different. To those of us who have access to social media, it is changing the ways we develop and maintain friendships. When you make a friend in physical life, the other person has to be in close enough proximity to communicate with on a regular basis to have a face-to-face interaction. That concept is almost nonexistent in the world of social media.
Interpersonal Communication. Search for:. Developing and Maintaining Friendships A common need we have as people is the need to feel connected with others. Challenges for Friendships. Friendships Now Take a moment to reflect on how many friends you have in your everyday life. s and Attributions. CC d content, Shared ly.Looking for female friend for ongoing fun and friendship
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